HENRY DAVID THOREAU,AMERICAN POET,THINKER AND ESSAYIST OF 19’TH-CENT.,WAS BORN THIS DAY (July 12,1817) IN CONCORD,MASSACHUSTTS,USA.
In a life of 44yrs. HENRY DAVID THOREAU WROTE EXTENSIVELY,LECTURED FORCEFULLY ON POLITICAL,SOCIAL AND CULTURAL PROBLEMS OF THE DAY,EXPERIMENTED WITH LIFE PLUS NATURE AND MEDITATED ON THE PERENNIAL THEMES OF LIFE,DEATH,SPIRITUALISM . . .et.al !
THOREAU (normally pronounced as in THOROUGH,also pronounced as in FURROW. .) lived a life of simplicity in the lap of Nature and had drawn glaring contrast with the urban life through his writings.
THOREAU LIVED FOR TWO YEARS ON ‘WALDEN-POND’ AMID LARGE PLUS THICK SURROUNDINGS OF TREES AND BIRDS AND EVERYTHING WILD.He kept an observing eye to the details of his experimental life he was leading amid Nature almost cut-off from the modern city life.THOREAU PENNED HIS MASTERPIECE , ”WALDEN” as a result of his INTIMATION WITH NATURE AND ITS IMPACT ON HIS INTUITION.
The book, WALDEN,didn’t attract much attention at the time of its publication,but,gradually it picked up and more than one n half century later,the book acquired the status of an AMERICAN CLASSIC!
This book established THOREAU as A PRE-EMINENT NATURALIST and cemented his stature as One Of The Most Original Thinkers Of America whose influence extended to Environmentalists and Scientists dealing with the mysteries of Nature and Its Relationship with Human Beings!
THOREAU WROTE A LONG ESSAY BASED UPON A LECTURE THAT HE GAVE BEFORE A LARGE AUDIENCES IN CONCORD POST HIS PERSONAL ENCOUNTERS WITH GOVERNMENT AND ITS LAWS OVER SOME TAX/TOLLS ISSUE!
Thoreau gave an appropriate Title To The Essay, ”ON CIVIL-DISOBEDIENCE” ,in which he talked at length about the PEACEFUL PLUS NON-VIOLENT RESISTANCE to the excesses and anti-people laws of the Government as part of Showing Non-Cooperation with Govt as mark of protest.
IT WAS A NOVEL AND UNIQUE CONCEPT OF RAISING VOICE AGAINST THE MISRULE AND EXCESSES COMITTED BY THE RULING CLASS.
LEO TOLSTOY,MAHATMA GANDHI AND MARTIN LUTHER KING WERE HIGHLY INFLUENCED BY THE CONCEPT OF ‘CIVIL-DISOBEDIENCE’ . . .and,GANDHI HAD ACKNOWLEDGED THE IMMENSE IMPACT THAT CONCEPT HAD ON HIS LIFE AND STRUGGLE AGAINST THE IMPERIALIST PRACTICES OF BRITAIN IN INDIA AND SOUTH AFRICA.
In fact Gandhijee took the term ‘CIVIL-DISOBEDIENCE’ from THOREAU for giving the Title Of his own movement in Indian Independence !
THOREAU WAS GENEROUSLY HELPED,MENTORED AND PUBLICIZED BY THE THEN STALWART OF AMERICAN LITERATURE, RALPH WALDO EMERSON.
Thorea became an avid subscriber to Emerson’s School of Thoughts n Philosophy named as ‘TRANSCENDENTALISM’ which advocated for QUESTIONING OR THE SPIRIT OF ENQUIRY IN MATTERS OF SPIRITUAL EXPLORATION THAT WAS THOUGHT OF AS THE ULTIMATE PURPOSE IN ONE’S LIFE.It also laid emphasis on individual search and denounced all rituals,customs and so on in the realization of the Ultimate Truth.It made clear that such goals exist beyond the physical world. . . .IT WAS RATHER A LOOSE CONCEPT TOO. .yet,a very important watermark in Western Philosophy and American Thinking !
THOREAU SEEMS MORE RELEVANT IN OUR TIME GIVEN THE POPULAR MASS PROTESTS THAT WE SEE AGAINST THE RULING ELITES AROUND THE WORLD TODAY !
Happy Birthday , HENRY DAVID THOREAU !
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