THINGS FALL APART / CENTRE CAN’T HOLD /. . . .ANARCHY LOOSEDUPON/. . .SOMETHING TERRIBLE IS TO HAPPEN/THE SECOND COMING IS AT HAND. . ./.
An Irish and English or Anglo-Irish Poet Wrote Something Like These Above Lines Almost A Century (1920) Ago . . . .And, That Poem, ‘THE SECOND COMING’ became as the most defining manifesto of the modern era thatthe Continent had ushered into . ..!
W.B.YEATS WAS THAT POET.
13’TH JUNE is his birthday.WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS WAS BORN ON 13’JUNE ,1865 IN AN ADJACENT COUNTY OF DUBLIN,IRELAND.
With an artistic ambience at home,as his father was a painter of considerable merit,his elder brother was also good at painting, Yeats took to the world of arts rather naturally.
Due to unstable nature of residence,Yeats had to keep shifting between Dublin and London with a not so steady schooling and with an exception of ERASMUS ART SCHOOL,he didn’thave a good schooling.
YEATS WAS JUST ‘FAIR’ AT STUDIES,THOUGH HE HAD STARTED TO DISPLAY TALENTS IN PENNING POEMS AND DRAWING PICTURES AT A RELATIVE YOUNGER AGE!
W.B.YEATS was highly impressed with Edmund Spencer and P.B.SHELLEY in his youth and had written poems modelled after theworks of Spencer n Shelley!
YEATS LATER CITED SHELLEY’S ”PROMETHEUS UNBOUND” AS ONEOF THE BEST WORK HE HAD READ AND GREATLY BENEFITTED FROM.
Yeats’ early poems were rather loose and common parody of romantic school of writing.
YEATS’ WORKS GREW WITH HIS AGE IN TERMS OF MATURITY AND CONTEMPORANIETY!
Yeats’ middle phase was greatly influenced by William Blake’s Mysticism and his own inclination towards OCCULTISM,ESOTERICISM AND HINDUISM OR EASTERN RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY.
Yeats had faith in superstitions and magic and was a long lastingactive member of GOLDEN DAWN- a club of like minded people whobelieved in the existence and the communicative power of Spirits n Ghosts !
With a rather profound likings for THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETIES and Comparative Religions, Yeats ,to some extent,had formed his ownSPIRITUALISTIC PATTERNS and many other ideas about which he wrote extensively in his treatise named, ‘A VISION’.
With an upbringing fed on Irish Tales and Stories, YEATS HAD ALWAYS BEEN A KEEN ADVOCATE OF UTILIZING ‘FOLKTALES’ AND MYTHOLOGICAL ELEMENTS INTO THE WORKS OF ART.
Yeats did so, though with the help of symbols largely personal and hence complex at times!
W.B.YEATS GOT THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR LITERATURE IN 1923– exactlyten years after RABINDRANATH TAGORE GOT THE NOBEL IN 1913 due to a loud support rendered by Yeats!
Yeats was a keen plus avid learner of Indian Philosophy and Religion after his encounter with a certain Purohit Swami ,a monk of sorts from India whom he metin England.
YEATS WAS A FIERY PROTESTANT AND DUE TO SUCH IDENTITY PLUS BELIEF,HE,IN EARLY YEARS, WAS NOT VERY MUCH AT EASE WITH THEIRISH REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTAIMED AT GAINING INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN.
Yeats views changed after acknowledging the humble background of the people who were fighting for Irish-Nationalism!
Well,even then Yeats remained skeptical of and opposed to the Catholic-Dominance On Irish Polity post Independence and He kept raising his voice of concern regarding this.
With Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn and others,W.B.YEATS established the IRISH LITERARY THEATER in the last years of 19’th-cent. ,which after a few years of successful run,came to be known as the world famous ABBEY THEATER!
Efforts were taken to encourage and help writers and artists to come up with books and paintings that had Irish Past,myth n old Irish Folktales plus fairytales as one guiding theme!
It was a sincere attempt on part of the writers and intellectuals to revive the then seemingly forgotten Grandeur plus Glory Of Irish Life and Irish Culture!
W.B.YEATS REMAINED ITS MENTOR AND CHIEF SPOKESPERSON.
IT’S RATHER SURPRISING THAT YEATS’ BEST WORKS CAME AFTER THE NOBEL AWARD ! ‘THE TOWER’ was one such great works.
YEATS GUIDED SEVERAL BUDDING AUTHORS OF HIS TIME AND HIS THIS GENEROUSITY HAD MADE HIM ALL THE MORE REVERED AND ENDEARING PERSONA AMONGST THE LITERARY CIRCLES !
YEATS WAS NO ELIOT,YET HE WAS SUPERIOR IN TERMS OF VARIETY AND BULK OF WORKS !
W.H.AUDEN,ANOTHER BRILLIANT POET OF YEATSEAN AND ELIOTIAN ERA, WROTE ONE OF THE MOST MOVING POEMS OF ALL TIME AS A TRIBUTE ON YEATS’ DEATH IN 1939.
” STOP ALL CLOCKS. . .”!
W.B.YEATS STILL REMAINS IRREPLACEABLE!
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